VORONEZH

VORONEZH, city and region in Southern Central Russia. The province of Voronezh lay outside the Jewish Pale of settlement , and until 1917 Jews were forbidden to settle there. The Russian authorities also took special steps at the beginning of the 19th century to remove Jews from the province, in order to prevent them from influencing those Russian sectarians who inclined toward Judaism (the Subbotniki, who were numerous there). Small groups of Jews, entitled to settle outside the boundaries of the Pale, nevertheless found their way into the province during the 19th century. In 1874, 319 Jews lived in the town and obtained permission to maintain a synagogue in a private house. The constitution of their community received official authorization in 1890. In 1897 there were 2,888 Jews in the Voronezh province, of whom 1,708 resided in the town of Voronezh. The Jewish population of the town was assaulted during the wave of riots which broke out in Russia in October 1905, and the community was attacked again during the Russian Civil War (1918–20). After World War I, the number of Jews in Voronezh increased and by 1926 had reached 5,208 (4.3% of the general population). The community suffered severely during the Nazi occupation (July 1942 to January 1943). According to the 1959 census, there were 6,179 Jews in the Voronezh district, most of whom lived in the city of Voronezh, though their real number was estimated at close to 10,000. There was no synagogue, as the old synagogue was turned into a storehouse for   building material (reported in the New York Times, June 19, 1959). When the Jews attempted to repossess the synagogue, the authorities said that they must first purchase a new storehouse and then renovate the building, but the community lacked the necessary funds. In 1959 the Star of David was removed from the synagogue wall. There was no separate Jewish cemetery. In 2002 there were 1,522 Jews in the Voronezh district. (Abraham N. Poliak)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Voronezh — [vō̂ rō̂′nesh] city in SW European Russia, near the Don River: pop. 908,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Voronezh — Infobox Russian city EnglishName=Voronezh RussianName=Воронеж Skyline=Voronezh.jpg Skyline LatDeg=51 LatMin=40 LatSec=15 LonDeg=39 LonMin=12 LonSec=51 LocatorMap LocatorMapLegend CityDay=Second Sunday of September FederalSubject=Voronezh Oblast… …   Wikipedia

  • Vorónezh — Воронеж Vorónezh Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Voronezh — Stadt Woronesch Воронеж Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Voronezh — /veuh roh nish/; Russ. /vu rddaw nyish/, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Europe. 887,000. * * * City (pop., 2001 est.: 901,800), western Russia. It lies along the Voronezh River above its confluence with the Don. It was founded in 1586… …   Universalium

  • Voronezh — Voronej Voronej Воронеж …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voronezh — Original name in latin Voronezh Name in other language VORONEZH, VOZ, Voronej, Voronez, Voroneza, Voronezas, Voronezh, Voronezhskaja oblast , Voronezj, Vorone Vorone Voroneas, Voron Voroea, Woronesch, Woronesh, Woronez, Worone bolonesi,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • voronezh — vəˈrȯnish adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Voronezh, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Voronezh, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style prevalent in Voronezh …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vorónezh — Ciudad (pob., est. 2001: 901.800 hab.) del oeste de Rusia. Está situada a orillas del río Vorónezh, aguas arriba de su confluencia con el Don. Fue fundada como fortaleza en 1586. Pedro I (el Grande) construyó allí una flotilla naval para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Voronezh — Sp Vorònežas Ap Воронеж/Voronezh L u. RF Tambovo, Lipecko ir Voronežo sr.; sr. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.